The Inside Write Stuff – appositives to define something negatively or to generalize

(1) The 8-Q filing incurred all sorts of extra review costs that were different from the typical once-over-lightly and small fee.

(2) The 8-Q filing incurred all sorts of extra review costs, not the typical once-over lightly and small fee.

(3) The 8-Q filing incurred all sorts of extra review costs – far from the typical once-over lightly and small fee.

Version (1) is standard fare, not the stylishness of a negative appositive. Version (2) shows a negative appositive that defines “filing,” whereas (3) makes a more general comparison. Note that the comma in (2) creates a milder effect than the dash in (3).

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